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1963: Intergalactic Computer Networks

J.C.R. Licklider. Photo courtesy of the MIT Museum.

J.C.R. Licklider, who has been described as Computing’s Johnny Appleseed, was working for the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Defense, when he envisioned the concept of an intergalactic network in which he believed everybody could use computers anywhere and get at data anywhere in the world.

He even went on to describe software that would only exist on this network and that could be used by any computer connected to the network. This idea become a reality decades later with the development of JAVA, a programming language the produces software that can run on any computer and can be accessed using an Internet Web browser.

last updated: October 27, 2012
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